Organic Molecules - Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids (textbook pgs. 44-48)

Organic molecules consist of the element carbon.
There are four major types of organic compounds:
1. Carbohydrates- Organic compounds that give you most of your energy and are made up of simple sugars. An example is glucose.
Click here to see the structure of glucose
2. Proteins- Organic compounds that control the rate of reactions and regulate cell processes and are made up of amino acids. Examples are enzymes.
Click here to see the structure of an amino acid.
3. Lipids- Organic compounds that store most of the energy you consume and are made up of fatty acids and glycerol. Examples are fats, oils, and waxes.
Click here to see the structure of butter, a lipid.
4. Nucleic Acids- Organic compounds that store and transmit genetic information and are made up of nucleotides. Examples are DNA and RNA.
Click here to see the structure of DNA.